Skip to main content

Introducing Pratixas

Human beings have the potential to act or behave, anticipating the desired outcome with high certainty (Guckelsberger & Polani, 2014).  Realization of these desired outcomes reinforces the individual to anticipate more and feel that the environment is under control.  During the emergence of a new event, the individual uses knowledge of the previous experience with the similar events and anticipates how it unfolds. While experiencing the events, individuals will trace some of the possibilities and will store it in certain specific parts of the brain.  New anticipations shall be generated based on these "traces of possibilities', or what I may call pratixas1.  The more the pratixas, the divergent shall be our anticipations.  Rich experiences enrich pratixas, opening the sight to the maximum possibilities associated with the events.  Individuals with enriched pratixas will have the potential to anticipate more accurately.
Pratixas are formed when we are exposed to an event or situation.  We are aware, but not conscious, of its existence. There is no need for any effort to generate pratixas.  Rather, it is effortful and impossible to inhibit its formation.  Pratixas are ready references for us to anticipate anything we are exposed to. They are direct reference points for most of the cognitive outputs [the counterparts of anticipations] such as decision making, planning, imagining, criticizing, predicting, and speculating and so on. The behaviour we show, and the actions we do, have strong relationships with pratixas.
1Pratixa (Plural pratixas) is a newly coined word, from the Malayalam (Indian dialect) Pratheeksha, which means hope.  However, Pratixa is not a synonym of Pratheeksha.  Here, pratixa means the ‘trace of possibilities’ imbibed or assumed by an individual from the ‘spectrum of possibilities’ associated with a given event.


Guckelsberger, C., & Polani, D. (2014). Effects of anticipation in individually motivated behaviour on survival and control in a multi-agent scenario with resource constraints. Entropy, 16, 3357-3378.